It is an essential nutrient found naturally in plant and animal sources. It plays a crucial role in several metabolic and physiological processes. Choline is a source of methyl groups necessary for many metabolic processes, such as preserving the structural integrity of cell membranes. It also plays important roles in modulating gene expression, cell membrane signaling, lipid transport and metabolism, and early brain development.
- Supports cell division, growth, and myelination in fetal development.
- Studies show a substantial demand during the last stage of pregnancy.
- It helps the baby's brain and spinal cord develop properly and may protect against neural tube defects.
- Pregnancy alters choline dynamics: results of a randomized trial using stable isotope methodology in pregnant and nonpregnant women
- Choline: Exploring the Growing Science on Its Benefits for Moms and Babies
- Choline intake during pregnancy and child cognition at age 7 years
- Maternal choline supplementation during the third trimester of pregnancy improves infant information processing speed: a randomized, double-blind, controlled feeding study
- Early second trimester maternal plasma choline and betaine are related to measures of early cognitive development in term infants